Canada VS USA: Which Country Is Better To Settle For Indians in 2024? – Kansas Overseas Careers

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Canada and the United States are considered ideal places for migration. Although both are well known for their employment opportunities, economic growth and better quality of life, you won’t know for sure until you experience it for yourself. 
We can help you make an informed decision with the facts listed below. 
When you compare, always keep in mind the long-term implications of factors like affordability, quality of life, professional growth and how you can make the best of the country’s benefits. 
So, let’s find out, shall we?
Working in Canada
Owing to the COVID-19 Pandemic, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has remained focused on ensuring the job security of Canadian Citizens as well as immigrants in Canada.
Thanks to Canada’s economic recovery policy, the country is showing a steady decline in the unemployment rate. In 2019, the unemployment rate in Canada fell to 5.67 %. 
However, the US registered an unemployment rate of 10.2 % in 2020.
Here are some of the jobs in Canada that were in demand in 2024:
Job Profile
Annual Salary
Web Developer
$62,522
Medical Workers
At least $76,362
Restaurant Servers
$24,668 – $30,377
Supply Truck Drivers
$45,825 – $77,903

Average work hours: The standard work hours for an employee under Canada’s federally regulated sector are 8 hours per day (during any period of 24 consecutive hours), which sums up to 40 hours a week.
Canadian Companies give a minimum of 10 paid leaves annually.
Working in The US
The USA is the silicon capital of the world, with the maximum number of industries headquartered in the country. 
However, 2024 caused a rift even in the US markets.
One-third of the total population were worried about their job security, which included loss of job or reduction in salary as per the report by Marketplace.
However, some jobs were recession-proof even during the pandemic. They are:
Job Profile
Annual Salary
Domestic Health Workers
$24,200
Software Developers
$103,620
High-Skilled Nurses
$107,030
Market Analysts
$63,120
 
Average work hours: As per data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employed Americans worked for about 34.4 hours per week in the USA in 2019.
The USA has a minimum of 10 paid annual leaves for all employees.
Key Takeaway: 
Income Tax
A Canadian employee, regardless of the original nationality, must pay a federal tax of 15% of their total income if their minimum salary is $46,605
However, if an employee earns more than $46,605, the income tax required to pay will also increase. 
Besides the federal tax, a Canadian employee needs to pay a provincial tax. 
Here’s a tax-breakdown for you:
Province
Province Tax
Alberta
10-15 %
British Columbia
5.06- 16.8%
Manitoba
10.8%- 17.4%
New Brunswick
9.68%- 20.3%
Newfoundland and Labrador
8.7%- 18.3 %
Northwest Territories
5.9%- 14.05%
Nova Scotia
8.79%- 21%
Ontario
5.05%- 13.16%
Prince Edward Island
9.8%- 16.7 %
Quebec
15%-25.75%
Saskatchewan
10.5%- 14.5 %
Yukon
6.4%- 15%
Goods and Service Tax
Canada has a very fair system of GST cuts. Healthcare provisions like drugs, dental services, etc., are ‘Zero-Rated’ items as they are exempt from GST. However, the federal taxation system varies with different provinces with a minimum of 5 % taxation.
Income Tax
Income Tax in the US is paid in 2 divisions: The Federal and the State.
An average software engineer in the US pays an income tax of 25%- 30%, comprising the federal and state taxes annually.
Did you know that employees working in Washington are exempt from paying state taxes? Here are some of the states and their respective state income taxes:
State
State Tax
California
1% to 13.3%
Minnesota
5.35% to 9.85%
New York
4% to 8.82%
Kansas
3.10% to 5.7%
Iowa
0.33% to 8.53%
Virginia
2% to 5.75%
Georgia
1% to 5.75%
Illinois
4.95%
Arizona
2.59% to 4.54%
Indiana
3.23%
The sales tax is levied on purchases made in the US in every state. 
It is a state tax that varies with the state. For example, the sales tax in New York State is 7%.
Key Takeaway: US and Canada both have a Federal and a State/Province Tax. However, some states in the US like Washington are exempt from paying the state income tax.
Studying in Canada
University Tuition Fees in Canada is cheaper than in the US by an average of 27%.
Top Universities in Canada include McGill University, University of Toronto, Université de Montréal, Queen’s University and more.
QS World University Rankings 2021 – Top 5 Universities in Canada
Canada Rank
Global Rank
University
1
  25
University of Toronto
2
  31
McGill University
3
  45 
University of British Columbia
4
  118 
Université de Montréal
5
  119 
University of Alberta

Canadian immigration system allows children (until the age of 16 or 18) access to free public school education. However, private schools in Canada have a fee range of CAD 8,000 to CAD 14,000 per year.
Studying in the US
The US is home to 8 Ivy League Schools, which include Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Harvard University, University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University and Yale University.
Rank
Institution
Location
1
Harvard University
Cambridge, MA
2
Stanford University
Stanford, CA
3
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Cambridge, MA
4
The University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
Berkeley, CA
5
Columbia University
New York, NY
 
Note: The USA also allows eligible F-1 students to opt for Optional Practical Training. This is a type of permit that lets students gain real-time work experience related to their field of study.
Because of the comprehensive system of education in the US, tuition fees are higher than in Canada.
Here is a list of top universities in the US with the average annual tuition fees:
University 
Average Tuition Fees (USD)
California Institute of Technology
$54,600
University of Washington
$38,796
Princeton University
$51,870
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
$53,790
Harvard University
$51,925
University of California–Berkeley
$43,176
Stanford University
$53,529
Columbia University
$61,850
 
The United States allows all children to access free public schools. The average cost of schooling in a private elementary school is $10,000 a year, and it is $15,000 for private high schools.
Key Takeaways: 
Here are the types of Canadian visas you can apply for:
When aiming for USA immigration status, here are the major immigrant visas you can apply for:
Cost Parameters
Canada (Cost in CAD)
The US (Cost in USD)
Average Difference
Rent (Monthly)
$ 839.64 
$ 833.32
29.61% higher in the US
Public Transportation(Monthly)
$ 139.73
$ 107.85
Almost the same 0.01 % higher in the US
Healthcare
Free public healthcare
Subsidized public healthcare 
Higher in the US.
Groceries (Monthly)
$ 114.95
$ 91.07 
1.4 % higher in the US
Apparel and Accessories
Varies between $ 64.22- $ 126.69
Varies between $ 44.04 to $ 96.17 
10.8 % higher in Canada
Restaurant
$ 17 (Meal for 1)
$15 (Meal for 1)
9.94 % higher in the US.
Luxury and Leisure
Besides the other leisure activities that are on the expensive side, you can buy a movie ticket here for only $ 10.76.
Here the luxury activities cost slightly less than in Canada. A monthly gym membership costs around $ 37.
This is a specific category. Hence, an exact difference cannot be provided.

Note: As suggested by Numbeo these indices are relative to New York City (NYC). Which means that for New York City, each index should be 100(%). If another city has, for example, a rent index of 120, it means that on an average in that city rents are 20% more expensive than in New York City. Rent Index of a city is the primary justifying criteria of the cost of living in the US.  
 
Key Takeaway: 
Language Barriers in Canada
Language Barriers in the US
The dominant languages are English and French.
The dominant language in the States is English.
Provinces like Quebec are dominated by french-speaking citizens.
But globalization has made the US a hub for every community.
Indians may face challenges in communicating with the locals.
Indians generally tend to adapt easily to their countrymen.
 
Since the Indian Education system follows a specific approach in the teaching process, Indian students in the US and Canada are usually startled by the curriculum initially. 
The Canadian and US Education System is solely driven by in-depth research. This may involve practical exposure to the field with a limited time-frame. Hence, Indian students take some time to cope with the newer ways of learning.
Both Canada and the US have strict policies in place against any form of racism. 
However, due to the recent rise in crime-rate caused by racism in the US, Canada is a more immigrant-friendly country to settle in.
In June 2021, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau walked in an anti-racism rally in Ottawa to signify his solidarity with sufferers of racism.
Did you know that the soon-to-be US President Joe Biden’s Vice President, Kamala Harris, is of Indian and Jamaican origin?
Key Takeaway: Both countries present their own challenges for Indian migrants. However, the Native- Indian Population in the two countries has skyrocketed in the last decade.
Permanent Residence via Express Entry Canada
U.S. Green Card via  H-1B visa program
Popular visa choice is the Express Entry immigration system.
Popular visa choice is the US H1-B visa.
Fast-track visa process. You can get a PR in just 6 months.
Getting a Green Card can take many years.
Allows you to get a Permanent Resident Status in Canada.
You arrive with a temporary work visa and later extend the visa or convert to Green Card status.
No Canadian job offer is required.
You must have a job offer in hand.
No sponsorship from family or employers is required.
You need employer sponsorship and work experience to get a PR status
You can bring your family to Canada to live and work there.
Dependants of H1B visa holders may not be allowed to work in the US
You can apply from outside of Canada.
You can’t apply on your own. Your employer will apply for your H1B visa.
You can get citizenship after 3 years of employment.
Getting citizenship is quite difficult.
Increase in immigrant intake to 4 Million for 2022
Higher refusal rate of H1B by the US government in the past years.
 
In a recent survey, Canada ranked #1 as the World’s Most Desirable Country to live in.
Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto are listed among the 10 most liveable cities in the world according to the Global Liveability Index 2019.
Vancouver, named after the Royal Army British Officer, George Vancouver,  is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the world. Along with the hustle and bustle of the city life, Vancouver is also home to the best beaches and mountain ranges in the world.
Calgary is the city of skyscrapers. It has the most number of youth-driven policies in the Alberta region and promotes the welfare of the society in every aspect.
Known for its CN Tower and elite city life, Toronto is the heart of Ontario. It has IT-Hubs, top-ranking universities and a diverse population of Indo-Canadians. 
Boulder, as the name suggests, is the boulder foothills of the Rocky Mountains of the United States. Apart from the marvellous sights to visit and the natural beauty, Boulder is also where students with keen interests in Geology come to pursue higher studies at the ‘University of Boulder.’
Denver is the Capital city of the State of Colorado. Known for its historical significance in the Old World Era, Denver is also known as the ‘Outdoor City of The Us.’ The city is a vibrant and culturally-rich hub for immigrants. The University of Colorado, specializing in MBA courses, is located in Denver.
Home to the University of Texas, Austin is the live-music centre of the State of Texas. It has pleasant weather throughout the year, and its flagship University is known to produce revolutionary professionals. Their motto is “What Starts here changes the world.”
USCIS consulate now uses an automated methodology. It takes anything from 7 months to 33 months to process the application Form I-485.
The pilot program of granting US citizenship only applies to the following scenario:
Canadian PR is better to ensure an overall safe and secure life. It also comes with a quick Canadian citizenship option, whereas the US H1B visa is perfect for exploring high-skilled job opportunities and ambitious careers.
Yes, you can. You can travel to Canada with US H1B provided your trip duration is not more than 30 days.
You can not work in the USA with Canadian PR unless you have an H1 visa for the USA.
You can hold the US H1B visas and Canadian PR simultaneously. To maintain the PR, you have to live 2 years out of 5 in Canada.
As per a survey, there are more than 10,00,000 Indians in Canada right now.
Canada and the States are two of the top countries that foreign-nationals prefer. However, to choose between the two could be a difficult task. 
Here’s a quick comparison between the countries for you:
 
Average Salary $50,000 every year
Average Salary $48,672 every year
Average Salary $50,000 every year
Average Salary $48,672 every year
There is better job security in Canada and most people are able to retain their jobs.
Job security in the US is dismal and can be laid off when not required. Finding another job can be crucial
There is better job security in Canada and most people are able to retain their jobs.
Job security in the US is dismal and can be laid off when not required. Finding another job can be crucial
Canadian Income Tax ranges from 15% to 33%
US Federal Income Tax ranges from 10% to 37%
Canadian Income Tax ranges from 15% to 33%
US Federal Income Tax ranges from 10% to 37%
$24,000 to $30,000 per year
$8,400 to $12,000 per year
$24,000 to $30,000 per year
$8,400 to $12,000 per year
Medicare system is publicly funded & offers $900 average cost per year
No free medical treatments. Though healthcare may be subsidized.
Medicare system is publicly funded & offers $900 average cost per year
No free medical treatments. Though healthcare may be subsidized.
You can apply for Canadian citizenship after having stayed for 1,095 days in the country within the last 5 years.
H1B visa holders can apply for Green Card after the expiry of the visa. H1B is valid for 3 years and can be extended for another 3 years.
You can apply for Canadian citizenship after having stayed for 1,095 days in the country within the last 5 years.
H1B visa holders can apply for Green Card after the expiry of the visa. H1B is valid for 3 years and can be extended for another 3 years.
 
If you have doubts about migrating, working or studying in any of the two countries, feel free to contact us.
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Kansas Overseas Careers specializes in Permanent Residency Visas, Work Visas, Study Visas, Temporary visas, and Dependent Visas to Canada, UK, USA, Germany, and Hong Kong. 
Apart from these services, Kansas offers its clients personalized services such as:
Additional services offered to job-seekers:
Additional services For students looking for a study visa:
Don’t wait. Begin your visa application today!
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Topics: Migrate, Canada, USA, Canada-Immigration, USA-Immigration
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