Suicide Prevention – National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – National Institute of Mental Health

Transforming the understanding
and treatment of mental illnesses.
Información en español
NIMH offers expert-reviewed information on mental disorders and a range of topics.
NIMH statistics pages include statistics on the prevalence, treatment, and costs of mental illness for the population of the United States.
Download, read, and order free NIMH brochures and fact sheets about mental disorders and related topics.
If you or someone you know has a mental illness, there are ways to get help. Use these resources to find help for yourself, a friend, or a family member.
If you or a friend or family member are thinking about taking part in clinical research, this page contains basic information about clinical trials.
Find out how NIMH engages a range of stakeholder organizations as part of its efforts to ensure the greatest public health impact of the research we support.
Learn more about NIMH newsletters, public participation in grant reviews, research funding, clinical trials, the NIMH Gift Fund, and connecting with NIMH on social media.
Use these free education and outreach materials in your community and on social media to spread the word about mental health and related topics.
Use these free digital, outreach materials in your community and on social media to spread the word about mental health.
Get Involved observances calendar
NIMH supports research at universities, medical centers, and other institutions via grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements. Learn more about NIMH research areas, policies, resources, and initiatives.
The Division of Intramural Research Programs (IRP) is the internal research division of the NIMH. Over 40 research groups conduct basic neuroscience research and clinical investigations of mental illnesses, brain function, and behavior at the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland. Learn more about research conducted at NIMH.
Learn about NIMH priority areas for research and funding that have the potential to improve mental health care over the short, medium, and long term.
Information about resources such as data, tissue, model organisms and imaging resources to support the NIMH research community.
Find all NIMH and cross-NIH funding opportunities.
Read more about the NIMH Strategic Plan for Research, Strategic Research Priorities, the anatomy of NIMH funding, and our yearly funding strategy for research grants.
Explore the NIMH grant application process, including how to write your grant, how to submit your grant, and how the review process works.
Learn about how NIMH manages research grants, including policies and reporting requirements.
Find the latest NIH and NIMH policies, guidance, and resources for clinical research.
Explore NIMH research training and career development opportunities.
Learn about funding opportunities for small businesses.
Funding & Grant News
Support for Clinical Trials at NIMH
List of NIMH science news including press releases, science updates and institute announcements.
Details about upcoming events—including meetings, conferences, workshops, lectures, webinars, and chats—sponsored by NIMH.
NIMH videos and podcasts featuring science news, lecture series, meetings, seminars, and special events.
The latest information and resources on mental disorders shared on X, Facebook, YouTube, LinkedIn, and Instagram.
Information about NIMH, research results, summaries of scientific meetings, and mental health resources.
Updates about mental health topics, including NIMH news, upcoming events, mental disorders, funding opportunities, and research.
An annual lecture series dedicated to innovation, invention, and scientific discovery.
[email protected]
Learn more about the Director of the NIMH, Joshua A. Gordon, M.D., Ph.D.
Read about the boards and groups that advise and provide guidance to the Institute.
The NIMH Strategic Plan for Research is a broad roadmap for the Institute’s research priorities over the next five years. Learn more about NIMH’s commitment to accelerating the pace of scientific progress and transforming mental health care.
Learn more about the functions of each NIMH office and division.
Read the annual NIMH Congressional Justifications.
Search for jobs, including scientific, administrative and executive careers at NIMH.
Find the names, telephone numbers, email addresses, and office locations of NIMH staff.
Find directions, maps, parking information, and other visitor information for NIMH.
Contribute to Mental Health Research

Esta página también está disponible en español.
Call or text the 988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline  at 988 (para ayuda en español, llame al 988). The Lifeline provides 24-hour, confidential support to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. Call 911 in life-threatening situations. If you are worried about a friend’s social media updates, you can contact safety teams at the social media company . They will reach out to connect the person with the help they need.
Suicide is a major public health concern. In 2021, suicide was the 11th leading cause of death overall, claiming the lives of over 48,100 people. Suicide is complicated and tragic, but it is often preventable. Knowing the warning signs for suicide and how to get help can help save lives.
Suicide is when people harm themselves with the intent of ending their life, and they die as a result.
A suicide attempt is when people harm themselves with the intent of ending their life, but they do not die.
Avoid using terms such as “committing suicide,” “successful suicide,” or “failed suicide” when referring to suicide and suicide attempts, as these terms often carry negative meanings.
Warning signs that someone may be at immediate risk for attempting suicide include:
Other serious warning signs that someone may be at risk for attempting suicide include:
Suicide is not a normal response to stress. Suicidal thoughts or actions are a sign of extreme distress and should not be ignored.. If these warning signs apply to you or someone you know, get help as soon as possible, particularly if the behavior is new or has increased recently.
Here are five steps you can take to #BeThe1To help someone in emotional pain:
People of all genders, ages, and ethnicities can be at risk. Suicidal behavior is complex, and there is no single cause. The main risk factors for suicide are:
For people with suicidal thoughts, exposure, either directly or indirectly, to others’ suicidal behavior, such as that of family members, peers, or celebrities can also be a risk factor.
Most people who have risk factors will not attempt suicide, and it is difficult to tell who will act on suicidal thoughts. Although risk factors for suicide are important to keep in mind, someone who is actively showing warning signs of suicide may be at higher risk for danger and in need immediate attention.
Stressful life events (such as the loss of a loved one, legal troubles, or financial difficulties) and interpersonal stressors (such as shame, harassment, bullying, discrimination, or relationship troubles) may contribute to suicide risk, especially when they occur along with suicide risk factors.
Family and friends are often the first to recognize the warning signs of suicide, and they can take the first step toward helping a loved one find mental health treatment. See NIMH’s page with resources for finding help for mental illnesses if you’re not sure where to start.
Identifying people at risk for suicide
Effective, evidence-based interventions are available to help people who are at risk for suicide.
Multiple types of psychosocial interventions have been found to help individuals who have attempted suicide (see below). These types of interventions may prevent someone from making another attempt.
Some individuals at risk for suicide might benefit from medication. People can work with their health care providers to find the best medication or medication combination, as well as the right dose. Many people at risk for suicide often have a mental illness or substance use problems and may benefit from medication along with psychosocial intervention.
Clozapine is an antipsychotic medication used primarily to treat individuals with schizophrenia. To date, it is the only medication with a specific U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) indication  for reducing the risk of recurrent suicidal behavior in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.
If you are prescribed a medication, be sure you:
To find the latest information about medications, talk to a health care provider and visit the FDA website .
Collaborative care is a team-based approach to mental health care. A behavioral health care manager will work with the person, their primary health care provider, and mental health specialists to develop a treatment plan. Collaborative care has been shown to be an effective way to treat depression and reduce suicidal thoughts.
If you’re not sure where to get help, a health care provider can refer you to a licensed mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist. Find tips to help prepare for and get the most out of your visit and information about getting help.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has an online treatment locator  to help you find mental health services in your area.
NIMH supports promising research that is likely to have an impact on reducing suicide in the United States. Research is helping improve our ability to identify people at risk for suicide and develop and improve effective treatments. NIMH researchers continue to study suicide and how to best implement suicide prevention and intervention programs in different contexts, including in health care, community, school, and justice system settings.
Learn more about NIMH research priorities and recent research on suicide prevention.
Feature Story
Evidence-based efforts to improve suicide risk screening, assessment, and intervention are helping to save lives, thanks to research supported by NIMH.
Continue reading
Research Highlight
Evidence-based practices for suicide prevention effectively reduced suicidal behaviors among adults seen for care in emergency departments.
Continue reading
Research Highlight
Hospital visits for urgent mental health care increased among children and teens in the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to an NIMH-supported study.
Continue reading
Read the transcript.

Read the transcript.
View more Multimedia on Suicide Prevention

Last Reviewed: August 2023
Unless otherwise specified, the information on our website and in our publications is in the public domain and may be reused or copied without permission. However, you may not reuse or copy images. Please cite the National Institute of Mental Health as the source. Read our copyright policy to learn more about our guidelines for reusing NIMH content.
Phone:  1-866-615-6464 
Live Online Chat:  Talk to a representative 
Email:  [email protected] 
Hours: 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m. ET, M-F
Mail:  National Institute of Mental Health 
Office of Science Policy, Planning, and Communications 
6001 Executive Boulevard, MSC 9663 
Bethesda, MD 20892-9663
Topic Finder 
Brochures and Fact Sheets 
Contact Us 
Información en español
Privacy Policy 
Website Policies 
HHS Vulnerability Disclosure
National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
NIH Virtual Tour 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is part of NIH, a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


Scroll to Top
best ai toolss for students|छात्रों की बल्ले बल्ले Top 10 Mistakes to Avoid During RBSE Board Exams: Expert Tips for Success Mastering RBSE 10th English Exam 2024: Top 10 Tips and Tricks” RPSC LATEST JOBS ASSITANT PROFESSOR Hrithik Roshan fitness